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Oh my God! You’re in the Army Now: An Analysis of the Horus-in-Uniform Images
Jeff Cutright Guanmei International School Dongguan Guangdong, China cutrij@yahoo.com ABSTRACT:

ELECTRYONE 

2020
Volume 6, Issue 2

 | pp.

45-58

Abstract:

The author argues that images of the Egyptian deity Horus, dressed as Roman soldiers, are works of Roman propaganda. While the focus here is on the statue from the British Museum, EA 36062, the argument applies to similarly attired images of Horus. Several Egyptian cults spread across the empire, but were rarely depicted as soldiers, and for this reason, one must ask why Horus was shown in this way. The proposal is that such images intended to tell the native Egyptian viewer that since Horus was a servant of the empire through enrollment in the army, the viewer should be also.
Keywords:Egypt, Horus, mythology
The concept of the refugee and immigrant in the ancient Greek world: privileges and limitations.
Ioannis Papadomarkakis University of the Aegean Rhodes, Greece gpapadom@otenet.gr
Maria Kaila University of the Aegean Rhodes, Greece kaila@rhodes.aegean.gr

ELECTRYONE 

2020
Volume 6, Issue 2

 | pp.

28-44

Abstract:

This article examines the ways in which the literature of classic Greece depicts the concepts of migration and displacement. Different literature styles, such as history, drama and comedy approach the theme, underlining in this way the dense social impact it occupied. Through the revisiting of various classic extracts, this research aims to illustrate the way classic Greece was standing towards both the forcibly exiled and the willingly migrated, to the degree at least, this permeated classic works. Finally, this work aims to draw parallels between the past and today, regarding how the refugee is perceived.
The World Description Made in Zhou bi Suanjing Has Been Revealed
Raul Perez-Enriquez University of Sonora, Mexico raulpe55@gmail.com

ELECTRYONE 

2020
Volume 6, Issue 2

 | pp.

19-27

Abstract:

A millenary description of the world as conceived by Chinese culture, appears in the Zhou bi Suanjing or “The book of the Gnomon and the Circular Paths of the Heaven”, according Needham. Situated at Zhou (a legendary city) the dimensions of the earth and heaven, including the size of the Sun are presented in this book. The Chinese Gaì Ti’an astronomical model of a flat earth and a flat heaven, is measured with the aid of a gnomon (biao) and the application of the Pythagorean Theorem. Now, after making an adjustment to the scale of the data, the elements to locate the legendary Zhou City have been found making feasible the correspondence between the dimensions of the Zhoubi’s given world and those of the actual Earth. Here I show that Zhou, centre of the world from which the measures are done, corresponds to the city Jining located in the province of Shandong, China; also, I confirm that the distance between Jining and the Pole of Zhoubi is 4,285 km as could be found with a geographical tool such as the Google-Earth program. With these results I am confident to say that: The city of Zhou appearing in the Zhoubi exists; and, that the Zhoubi was an accurate description of the Earth at the time of Zhou Dynasty (1045 - 256 BC). Moreover, the location of cities as important as Beijing (at 498 km to the north of Jining) would be related with projection of the heaven on The World Description Made in Zhou bi Suanjing Has Been Revealed Earth: it is about one diameter of Sun from Jining. Also, it important to know that this city is recognized as the birth place of the great philosopher Confucius, giving to my findings a relevance that goes beyond the field of Astronomy or Mathematics, in which frame the Zhoubi has been analysed through the years. These findings put new perspectives for the search in other non-mathematical or non-astronomical documents elements for these disciplines.
DESCENT INTO WILDERNESS: KATABASIS OF DISPLACED HEROISM IN CHARLES BROCKDEN BROWN’S EDGAR HUNTLY
Imelda Corazon Wistey Iowa State University icwistey@iastate.edu

ELECTRYONE 

2020
Volume 6, Issue 2

 | pp.

1-18

Abstract:

In Charles Brockden Brown’s novel, Edgar Huntly, or Memoirs of a Sleep-Walker, the main character, Huntly, traverses the American wilderness to retrieve Clithero and discover the truth of Waldegrave’s murder. This journey into the woods imitates the literary trope of a katabasis, or descent to the underworld by the archetypal hero. However, Huntly’s epistolary narrative, however, reflects the problematic attempt on his part to qualify himself as a hero. Displaced within his story as a failed hero-figure because of his unreliable narration, his text remains elusive as a moral story, unlike most classical mythological hero tales such as The Odyssey and The Aeneid. In this paper, I use Huntly’s story to foreground his displaced heroism when writing about his descent into the American wilderness. Additionally, I compare and contrast Huntly’s journey with the classical katabasis and how the dangers of the American wilderness transforms into an underworld. Huntly does emerge from this underworld, but he becomes a destructive force. Lastly, I posit that, while Huntly’s narrative parallels the mythological hero’s journey to the underworld and back, the portrayal of his displaced heroism inverts the archetypal hero story and challenges the morality of America as a new nation.
Subjects:Mythology
Asymmetries in sculptured heads of ancient greek intellectuals
Evi Sarantea evi.sarantea@hotmail.com

ELECTRYONE 

2019
Volume 6, Issue 1

 | pp.

39-56

Abstract:

Some sculptured heads of ancient Greek intellectuals, preserved today in Roman copies, are portrayed with asymmetries (dissimilarities between the two sides) and are of special interest. Dissimilarities usually involve the size, the shape, or the positioning of the eyes. Some slight deformation of the left side of the face is noticeable. These asymmetries occur in a small percentage of the Roman copies, and it is thought by the author that they are deliberate and intentional. They fall within a particular manner of rendering of the figures which runs through the centuries-long Greek tradition of portraiture from the Archaic period to the Byzantine era. The sculptors of the Roman age produced copies of the original heads of distinguished ancient Greek intellectuals, differentiating their appearance slightly and designing them with calculated asymmetries. In this way they drew attention to the superiority of these figures to ordinary people, or a sense of awe felt towards these spiritual benefactors of mankind. Certain of the differences between the right and left side of the heads are possibly associated with Dualism.
Subjects:Uncategorized
“Their Head Full of Fragments”: Newfoundland Author Al Pittman’s West Moon, Monuments, Fragments, and Ruins
Stephanie McKenzie Memorial University

ELECTRYONE 

2019
Volume 6, Issue 1

 | pp.

28-38

Abstract:

This paper is written in a narrative style to enhance points made about different cultural stories. It compares Newfoundland author Al Pittman’s play, West Moon, with ancient monuments in Greece in order to underscore how important it is for different cultures to understand each other’s monuments and ruins. While there are no ancient ruins in Newfoundland comparable to those in Greece, the ruins spoken of in West Moon (the mostly deserted traditional outports, or fishing villages) carry an importance similarity to ancient Greek monuments. They speak of traditions, a connection between past and present, and cultural ways, and they ultimately make one aware of the importance of a culture. The paper considers how some cultures have oral “ruins” as much as oral continuance, the latter based on the passing down of stories, and how both oral and written monuments are equally important. Inevitably, this paper turns briefly to a consideration of today’s refugee crises and posits that the recognizing of cultural continuance and remnants of monuments (carried with people through memory and narrative) might help break down the hopeless divides between “us” and “them.”
Subjects:Uncategorized
Cicero and Clodius in the Work Stoic Paradoxes
Peter Fraňo Department of Philosophy and Applied Philosophy, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, Slovakia peter.frano@ucm.sk

ELECTRYONE 

2019
Volume 6, Issue 1

 | pp.

15-27

Abstract:

This paper aims to analyse fourth paradox from Cicero’s work Stoic Paradoxes (Cic. Parad. 27-32). Here, using the stoic-philosophical argumentation, Marcus Tullius Cicero tries to show that he did not leave into exile (in 58 B.C.). On the contrary, it was Publius Clodius Pulcher went to exile, since he lost the rational part of his soul. Author discuss the Cicero’s philosophical strategies and concludes, that by applying stoic principles to his person and through moral dishonour of Clodius, the Roman philosopher defend his exile and offer the reader his new philosophical attitude.
Subjects:Uncategorized
The Myth of Ovid’s Exile
Michael Fontaine Cornell University fontaine@cornell.edu

ELECTRYONE 

2019
Volume 6, Issue 1

 | pp.

1-14

Abstract:

Ovid was not exiled; the evidence is massively against it. This is not a new idea, but it is a deeply unpopular, even heretical one. In this paper, I suggest reasons why scholars resist it, and I plead for a new understanding of what the “exile” poetry is.
Subjects:Uncategorized
Heraclitus theory of “εκπυρωσεις” (ekpyroseis) and modern views about the end of the universe
Konstantinos Kalachanis Nea Gnosi Professional and Vocational Training
Milan S. Dimitrijević Astronomical Observatory, Belgrade, Serbia
Efstratios Theodosiou National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

ELECTRYONE 

2017
Volume 5, Issue 2

 | pp.

80-86

Abstract:

A key element of Heraclitus cosmology is its reference to fire as the principle and substrate of all natural processes. But apart from the material element of the fire, Heraclitus also mentions another kind of fire, the thunderbolt, which is characterized by the existence of intellect. His cosmology, however, is characterized by the ekpyroseis, that comes from the advancing of fire which is called in Greek κόρος (= saturation) and is related to the phenomenon of ekpyroseis where everything is destroyed in the fire from which comes life and death in the Universe. The theory of ekpyroseis which refers to the constant alternation between the birth and the death of the Universe is analogous to the theory of Big Crunch.
Subjects:Uncategorized
About the truth: Aristotle and john philoponus
Alexantra Ntotsika Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

ELECTRYONE 

2017
Volume 5, Issue 2

 | pp.

71-79

Abstract:

The paper is about the philosophical inquiry of truth and falsehood on the Aristotle’s treatise ‘‘De anima’’ and the Philoponus’ commentary on the Aristotelian work (Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca). Since, the philosophical game of truth and falsehood is directly related with the cognitive process the current study mainly focuses on the definition and the analysis of the intellect, which retrieves stimuli from the senses and imagination in order to operate effectively. For that reason, there is an explanation in the two distinct chapters that are concerned with the concept of the Aristotelian intellect and its interpretation from John Philoponus, in order to extract potential philosophical differentiations or similarities. The Aristotelian intellect (nous) anchors the initial data through a logical judgement and follows the diversity of the combinations of reality. During that combinatorial operation of logic that derives from the senses and imagination (phantasia), it is possible for falsehood to be inducted, in such way that the combinations will no longer meet the existing combinations of reality. The most essential element of Philoponu’ s philosophy on truth and falsehood is intertwined with the composition of a theory regarding the distinction of nous-dianoia-doxa and the distinction of simple/impartitionable (amerista) or divisible (merista) things and not of meanings. Among those, the distinction between human- divine intellect (which is identical to the truth) is preceding and that may put at risk the aristotelian work, as it could connect it with the neo-platonian theory.
Subjects:Uncategorized