The main aim of the study is to identify the Hesiodian motifs in Plato’s
philosophy. Thus the study is founded on the assumption that myth (the poetic tradition) and
logos (the philosophical tradition) do not represent two distinct paradigms in ancient Greek
thought, but more a kind of thought continuity. We will look for these motives or analogies at
the level of organisation of the world (kosmos) and at the level of organisation of society
(polis). We will deal primarily with Plato’s dialogues Timaeus, Republic and Symposium. The
goal of the submitted study is to answer the question of whether and to what extent did
Hesiod’s work influence Plato’s ideas about the organisation of the world and society as such.